To improve the learners' understanding of how to provide basic behavioral and pharmacological tobacco interventions for patients at various stages of quitting.
After completing this activity participants will be able to:
Apply basic behavioral interventions for tobacco cessation
Apply basic pharmacological tobacco use interventions
Determine a patient's stage of quitting, and use it to choose the appropriate tobacco cessation intervention
Determine other characteristics or needs of individual patients who smoke (e.g., concerns about weight gain, amount smoked, history of failed attempts at quitting smoking, etc.), and use the information to choose clinical interventions
Tobacco use is still fairly common; in the United States. Approximately 28.4% of persons aged 12 or older used a tobacco product in the last month in a 2008 survey (NSDUH, 2009). Tobacco is estimated to be responsible for 443,000 premature deaths annually (CDCP, 2008).
The effectiveness of tobacco interventions by health care providers was evaluated in a review of the literature by the review panel for the U.S. Public Health Service Clinical Practice Guideline, Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update (Fiore, et al., 2008). They found that medication and counseling are more effective for promoting tobacco cessation than no treatment and that intervention effectiveness increases with increased intervention intensity. The Clinical Practice Guideline (Fiore, et al., 2008), also provided evidence-based guidelines for clinicians on how to provide brief and more extensive interventions in tobacco use.
Despite the documented need for tobacco cessation and effectiveness of clinical interventions and availability of practice guidelines, many physicians still are not providing evidence-based tobacco interventions. A number of studies have found that screening for tobacco use and recommending cessation occurs as frequently as 75% of the time, other appropriate tobacco interventions are made by primary care physicians less frequently (Schnoll R et al, 2006; Braun et al, 2004; Jaen et al, 2001; Ellerbeck et al, 2001).
Training physicians in evidence-based, brief tobacco interventions in order to assure that all physicians know and are confident to provide tobacco interventions will help address this practice gap.